Case of the Month with Crutchfield Dermatology

Tuesday, June 18, 2019
Specialty: 

A 42-year-old woman presents with a progressively dry scalp for the past three years. She says the itching is so bad it can keep her awake at night and interferes with her job because she spends so much time scratching her head. Additionally, she reports being tremendously embarrassed to sit anywhere with dark seats.


Before

“When I get up, it looks like it has snowed all around me,” she says. “My scalp problem is terribly embarrassing. I was visiting a girlfriend who had purchased a new black leather couch, and when I stood up to use the restroom, I was absolutely horrified. I remember frantically trying to wipe all the flakes away before she came back from pouring a glass of wine in the kitchen.”

She reports the scalp flaking and itching are making her life miserable. She has a small scaling plaque on her right elbow about the size of a dime. Her skin is otherwise unremarkable. She has pitting on several of her fingernails, and one fingernail had a large, golden-brown spot under it. She reported no joint pain and was otherwise healthy except for being a few pounds overweight.

Diagnosis: Scalp Psoriasis

The nail pitting is highly suggestive of psoriasis, and the golden brown spot is known as an “oil drops sign” and is pathognomonic of psoriasis.

Treatment


After

I had this patient put a compounded oil (sesame oil with 0.05% triamcinolone) on for three hours every other night for two weeks and wash it out before bed. In some patients, I have them keep the oil on overnight under a shower cap, but she hated wearing the shower cap at night because it made a crinkling noise and fell off and got her pillowcase oily. For such patients, I suggest they do this protocol two to three hours before bed instead.

I concomitantly had her use a compounded scalp lotion with palm oil, isopropyl myristate and 0.05% clobetasol, 15 drops, twice daily to the scalp for 10 days.

After the first two weeks, I had her use the three-hour scalp oil program — sesame oil with 0.05% triamcinolone — just once weekly as a steroid pulse maintenance program. Although this weekly scalp oil program significantly reduces flare-ups, I have her use the scalp solution immediately at any sign of a flare-up, twice daily for five days in a row, to clear it back up.

Here she is after 12 days on the program. She was not on any other medications. She was absolutely thrilled with the results and kindly left positive reviews on several social media sites.

Additional information: Instead of the compounded products I used above, for an alternative treatment program with readily available prescription products, the scalp oil can be replaced with DERMA-SMOOTHE-FS (fluocinolone) oil, and the scalp solution can be replaced with Diprolene (betamethasone dipropionate) lotion. I have no financial interests in either of these products.


For more information, contact Charles E. Crutchfield III, MD, at Crutchfield Dermatology or visit CrutchfieldDermatology.com.